Afghanistan and its difficulties to reach peace after 2014

On October 7, 2001 U.S. troops invaded Afghanistan to overthrow the Taliban government and to destroy Al Qaeda. It was the beginning of the war on terrorism launched by George W. Bush in response to the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center’s twin towers in New York that killed around 3,000 people on September 11, 2001. After more than ten years of war, Al Qaeda and the Taliban were not completely destroyed, and despite of the intense pursuit, of having suffered heavy material and human losses, especially in their leadership, these organizations are still operating cautiously and continuously from their secret hiding bases in Pakistan. The Pakistan government has never striven to eliminate their strongholds and impose its authority on the country’s border, despite the $20 billion U.S. support in civilian and military assistance between 2002 and 2011 according to the report from Congressional Research Service on October 2012. Continue reading

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The South China Sea Dispute. How to solve it?

china-vertical-mapIn a paradisiacal region full of small islands warmed by hot weather for the most part of the year, but also subject to typhoons and powerful tropical storms, another type of thunderstorm is coming. It is a territorial dispute among several nations of the region that has not been addressed enough by the Western media. This issue is related to territorial disputes in the South China Sea (SCS), a region rich in natural resources and with a heavy ship traffic providing the East and Southeast Asia regions with supplies from different parts of the world. One of the most important suppliers are the Middle East countries, that dispatch oil and gas through this region to sustain dependent economies, thirsty and eager for these raw materials, such as the Chinese, Japanese and Korean economies, which depend on external sources of supplies to continue working without any interruption. But what has been the subject of dispute? Basically three things: The territorial possession of the Scarborough Shoal, Paracel and Spratly Islands, called respectively Huangyan, Xisha, and Nansha Islands by the Chinese; the 200 nautical miles Economic Exploitation Zone (EEZ), and the Continental Shelf from the coastal states baselines. The majority of these small islands are composed of coral reefs, shoals and atolls. The territories are disputed partially or in total by China, Vietnam, The Philippines, Taiwan and Malaysia. There is a claim from Indonesia and Brunei about the economic exploration of the 200 miles sea, without islands control interest.

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